By Dan M. Bowers
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Additional info for Access Control and Personal Identification Systems
This has not been a large problem, and proper procedures can prevent it. The bulk of charge-card fraud, and therefore the bulk of preventive mea sures, has been in the area of counterfeit cards. Since there is no PIN associated with the charge card to provide identification such as is done so effectively with the ATM card, the possessor of a legitimate-appearing card with a legitimate 46 Access Control and Personal Identification Systems account number can use the card for purchases. Measures currently taken to make counterfeiting difficult include using hard-to-duplicate graphics such as holograms, flourescent printing, multi-colored graphics, engraving, hidden micro-printing, and non-erasable signature panels with special background inks.
It is patently obvious that one cannot describe a generalized total security sys tem, or even a generalized access control subunit, for an industrial facility because of the diversity of the sizes and kinds of operations which occur. There are different levels of risk for each operation, and for each physical and opera tional area of each operation. The design of a total security system must effi ciently integrate the individual requirements of the manufacturing areas, the office spaces, the computer rooms, the storage areas for high-value goods, the shipping and receiving area, the building maintenance center, and so forth.
There is no electronic system which can ascertain that a person does or does not have the permission of the cardholder to make a withdrawal. Further, a substan tial amount of such fraudulent use is by the cardholder himself. Personal identifi cation systems such as those using fingerprint recognition and other biometrie characteristics, which are discussed at length in a later chapter, could be used to limit ATM transactions to the cardholder himself, but they have thus far proven too expensive.
Access Control and Personal Identification Systems by Dan M. Bowers